Tax Glossary UK - Glossario Tasse Imposte Fiscale UK



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Earned Income

Income deriving from an employment with an employer, office you hold (such as a directorship) or income from a trade that you perform either alone or in partnership.

EEA

Acronym for the European Economic Area.

EIS

Acronym for Enterprise Investment Scheme.

EIS Deferral Relief

If you subscribe for shares in an unquoted trading company, you can claim to defer all or part of a gain that you have made on the disposal of other assets.

This is called enterprise investment scheme (EIS) deferral relief.

There are strict conditions which must be satisfied before you can claim the relief.

Elections

You can make an election if you want your income or gains to be taxed in an alternative way.

There are strict time limits for elections, and you must normally satisfy specific conditions before you can use the revised treatment.

Emoluments

The amount of income you receive from your employment.

This income includes your salary commissions, and benefits such as the provision of a company car, use of a mobile phone and payments of expenses, such as travelling and subsistence costs.

Employed

If you work for someone else, then you are employed.

Employee

A person who is employed by an employer under a contract of service whether written or implied.

Employee Contributions

If you are employed and make payments into a pension scheme, these payments are called employee contributions.

This applies to contributions to your employer's pension scheme, or to your own retirement annuity contract or personal pension plan.

Employee Loans

Loans made by a company to an employee.

These loans might be interest free or at a low interest rate.

Employer

Someone who employs you to do a job under a contract of service.

Employer's Pension

A pension you receive from a previous employer.

Employer's Retirement Benefits Scheme

Pension scheme set up by a company for employees.

Apart from a normal pension, it might also include the right to continue using a company asset after retirement such as a company car.

Employment Income

The earnings you receive from your office (directorships and so on) or employment.

It includes salary and commission as well as benefits provided by your employer (company car and so on).

Enterprise Allowance

A Government benefit paid to assist unemployed people to start their own business.

Payments made by the government to recipients are included in their taxable income.

Previously called Business Startup Allowance.

Enterprise Investment Scheme

The Enterprise Investment Scheme is an Inland Revenue approved scheme that encourages individuals to buy shares in unquoted trading companies.

Tax relief is due on the investment. There are many detailed rules applying to this scheme.

Enterprise Zone Trust

An Inland Revenue approved trust which builds and lets commercial property in certain designated areas (Enterprise Zones).

You receive tax relief on your share of the building costs and then you receive a share of rents.

This is a very longterm investment.

Entertainment

Hospitality provided, such as dinners, parties, business lunches etc.

Enquiries

Queries which the Inland Revenue may raise and investigations they may make into matters connected with your Tax Return.

Equalisation

This is an adjustment which may be made if you have recently bought units in a unit trust.

The first distribution you receive may be split into two parts, a dividend distribution of the income earned by your units since the date of your purchase, and an equalisation payment equal the income earned by the units before them.

The equalisation payment is not part of your taxable income, but it should be deducted from the base cost of the units for capital gains tax purposes.

You may also receive an equalisation payment if you have acquired units in an open ended investment company (OEIC).

Estate

Property left by a person who has died.

The executors will collect all the assets of the estate and distribute them to the beneficiaries in accordance with the terms of the dead person's will, or intestacy rules if there was no will left.

Exdividend

If you sell a share just after the date you become entitled to a dividend, but before the date the dividend is paid out, the share is sold exdividend.

You are still entitled to receive the dividend.

Exgratia

An exgratia payment is one made freely where there is no obligation to make any payment.

Often made by employers to leaving employees.

Exact Basis Motoring Costs

The exact basis of calculating your motoring costs involves adding up the total motoring expenses incurred over the tax year (such as fuel, servicing repairs and so on) and apportioning the costs between business and private use on the basis of mileage.

Exempt

Income that is not taxable. For example, prizes from the National Lottery or winnings from gambling.

Exempt Assets

Assets that are specified in the tax legislation as being free from capital gains tax such as motor cars.

Exercise

To take up an option to buy something usually a share. (Back to top)

Expense Payments Received

Payments received by employees from employers to reimburse them for expenses that they have incurred in carrying out their employment. Includes payments for travel, subsistence, business phone calls and so on.

Expenses

Outgoings you incur in the running of your business, employment, property letting and so on or on the purchase or sale of an asset.

Extra Statutory Concession

Something which the Inland Revenue allows in practice, although it would not strictly be allowed under the terms of the tax legislation.

For example luncheon vouchers of up to 15p per day are tax free under an Inland Revenue concession.


AVVERTENZE D'UTILIZZO: Il presente glossario contiene una definizione dei termini più utilizzati in ambito fiscale e d'imposte nel Regno Unito.
La spiegazione di ciascuno dei termini indicati in questo glossario è di carattere meramente orientativo e priva di valore legale; si raccomanda, quindi, di tenere conto del contesto e dell'evento in cui essi vanno applicati, in quanto il significato loro attribuito potrebbe differire rispetto a quello qui rappresentato.

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